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Sanitation - a BIG priority in Emergency Preparedness

posted Feb 21, 2017 15:26:02 by HelenPirtle
What are your priorities in preparedness? When you look at what can kill you fastest, my list is as follows:

1- shelter/heat. You can die in just an hour from exposure to severe cold. Frost bite can set in within 5-10 minutes. Shelter should be a number 1 priority!

2 - Water. Many body functions begin shutting down after only 3 days without water.

3 - SANITATION. Many people would put food storage as more important, but diseases and diarrhea set in quickly. Most disasters (hurricanes, etc) report that more people died as the result of unsanitary situations than deaths caused by the actual emergency.

4... After these you can list your priorities, food storage, lights, first aid, methods of cooking, transportation, communication, cash, etc. All are important but without the first three, the others will not be needed for very long.


I saw a post somewhere, I believe it was in a powerpoint presentation that had two pages of a handout by Kathryn McMullin. I'll post it here. I hope it is clear enough to read.

There are two pictures, click on each to see the whole page of the handout.


[Last edited Feb 21, 2017 15:26:54]
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10 replies
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NormJohnson said Feb 21, 2017 17:32:40
MY WIFES NOTES FROM SANITATION MEETING AT DIANA OLSENS HOME

FIRST RESPONDER, SANITATION in a DISASTER

Human waste is one of the deadliest substances on earth. Where sanitation is poor, death and disease are rampant. When thousands of people were sheltered in the football stadium after Hurricane Katrina, very quickly the toilets stopped functioning and people died of cholera and other diseases caused by piled up waste of all sorts and low quality of water for drinking, cooking and bathing. YOU MUST STORE LOTS OF PURIFIED WATER!
If you lost the ability to flush your toilet in a disaster, would you know what to do? We did not, and Wednesday evening (26 Oct 2016) we went to a two hour class in Lehi on sanitation by a member of Utah disaster team/trainer who gives multiple lectures every week on this subject and others.
Our current system of disposing of water can be affected by many situations. If we lose water, we lose sewer. If we lose power for an extended time, we lose sewer. In an earthquake or landslide, sewer lines can rupture. In each of these scenarios, our instincts might be to use a camp potty, an RV or even dig a pit latrine. These solutions are very dangerous if we don’t know how to properly set up and dispose of the waste. The smell will bring animals, vermin and insects into our environment that spread disease. It could be months before the sewer lines are functional.
In a situation where sewer lines are dry (no running water), the fumes that will be entering your home are both toxic (poison) and flammable (if not blocked, you cannot use candles or any open flame or the home may explode and everyone inside could die). It is important that you know how to prevent fumes and sewage from backing up into your home and that you know how to set up a sanitary system that will prevent illness. BE PREPARED
TO PREVENT NOXIOUS GAS & SEWAGE BACK-UP in YOUR HOME, you need to do this for all floor drains in your home, including non-tub drains (stand-alone showers, laundry room floor drain, etc.)
1. Locate the floor drains in your home.
2. Remove the drain cover (check the diameter of the pipe-- most are about 2”)
3. Insert a “test plug” (You can buy these at a hardware store-- they came in many diameters, so be sure to know the diameter of the pipe into which you insert it. If you don’t have a proper airtight plug, you can use a squishy ball –not a porous Nerf ball-- inserted into the toe of a sock [you]; cover the sock part around the ball with grease such as Vaseline or Crisco and shove it into the pipe until it is wedged really tight—no air or water can get in)
4. Twist clockwise to tighten
5. Keep all other sink/tub drains closed (locked position) & cover with duct tape: visual reminder NOT in USE

NOTE: if you have kids using diapers, you must switch immediately to cloth diapers as disposable diapers cannot decompose. Make sure you purchase the necessary items BEFORE a disaster occurs. This is peace of mind.

IMPORTANT: Even if you have a swimming pool with water in it and you use that to try and flush your toilets, the pressure down the pipe may cause raw sewage to enter your neighbor’s home. Do not do this.


HOW TO CONVERT YOUR TOILET to a DRY POTTY—the toilet is a source for toxic fumes and vermin to enter the home. THIS DRY TOILET POTTY IS FOR SOLID HUMAN WASTE (poop) ONLY.
1. Turn off the water to the toilet
2. Remove water from the tank and dry; now do the same for the toilet bowl
3. Sanitize entire toilet bowl thoroughly
4. Make sure your toilet is airtight and watertight—to plug the hole, place a racquetball in a tube sock and cover with Crisco. Shove the racquetball deep into the opening until tight. The sock is there in order to aid in removal at a future time.
5. Lift the toilet seat and place a heavy duty plastic bag as a liner for the bowl (test size before you buy 100’s of bags as oval bowls will require larger size bags than a more round shape)
SEPARATE BUCKET-- for urine only—
1. Use a separate bucket (one to two gallon size, perhaps with a handle), NO BAG NEEDED
2. Empty the contents of the urine bucket into your backyard (pick different spot each time)
3. Clean and dry the bucket each time you empty it.
HOW to DISPOSE of the SOLID WASTE—
1. Once you have created a dry potty from you current toilet, keep a small bucket of kitty litter with a kitchen type scoop in the bathroom. Kitty litter is a huge help in odor reduction. (Buy lots of it)
2. After a bowel movement, sprinkle some kitty litter on the poop. (sawdust also works as odor eater)
3. It may take some practice while eliminating to get the urine and solid waste into separate containers, but it is critical to do it.
4. Use disposable gloves when handling waste.
5. Place the bag in a box while carrying it outside, so you don’t have accidental spills in your home. Cleanliness is super important.
6. DO NOT BURY IN YOUR GARDEN due to cross contamination.
7. Dig a hole about 2½ feet across and about 3 feet deep in your lawn (away from the house). (shovel)
8. Empty the contents of the bag in the hole. DO NOT BURY IT IN THE BAG—otherwise the waste will not decompose properly. Drop the bag on top of the waste (DO NOT put the empty bag in with regular trash)
9. Cover with 1” to 2” of kitty litter (or sawdust, or peat moss or dirt)
10. Cover the hole with a board or sheet metal much larger than the opening (prevent someone from getting hurt) and top with heavy weights (rocks, bricks, cinder blocks, etc.; so animals cannot get in there)
11. Keeping adding these layers until the hole is filled to within 4” or 5” from the top
12. Add 2” to 3” lime as top layer [animals] and cover with dirt to finish. NOTE: Always WEAR A FACE MASK and gloves when working with lime

If the ground is frozen: Use a large trash container with a tight lid to store sealed bags. Let it freeze and bury it properly when the ground thaws.
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AnnieSmart said Feb 23, 2017 14:41:59
I hope you are ok if I copy and share this with my Relief Society.
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Nancy'sAwake said Feb 24, 2017 13:19:02
Thank you Norm and Helen!!
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HelenPirtle said Feb 28, 2017 16:24:02
FYI - We worked hard to get the drain cover out of our shower. After a lot of work to "twist it off", when it finally came off, it was not a twist type. It just could have been pried off. We found a tennis ball is too big. Racquet are what you want. We did find them at Wal-Mart next to the tennis balls.
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NormJohnson said Mar 02, 2017 06:47:32
We were informed st the meeting not to use tennis balls because they could be easily chewed thru by vermin and that racquet balls wee tevright size. Sorry that wasn't in the notes
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HelenPirtle said Mar 02, 2017 20:51:20
Thanks Norm. I found that the tennis ball was too large also for our shower drain. I bought racquet balls.
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NormJohnson said Mar 04, 2017 21:34:43
For the shower and the laundry room drain we bought plugs for that purpose at Lowes. Other places that handle plumbing supplies would also have them. We only would use the balls in a sock for commodes.
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Karla Paul said Mar 14, 2017 13:58:26
For Christmas last year (2016) We gave our kids a sanitation kit - a very complete sanitation kit!
I researched this for a month and came up with a booklet of 12 chapters to give with their kits. After I was finished with it - I realized why I felt such a push to get these supplies to them.
It has turned into a 12 month newsletter for our ward for this year. We do a newsletter each month and I couldn't figure out what to do for this year when in early January I realized I had the whole year done.
It really is a big deal.
IF this isn't in place, it literally could cost lives.
[Last edited Mar 14, 2017 13:58:58]
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RobertBriscoe said Mar 15, 2017 16:59:43
Here is some more information about sanitation.

Http://Briscoefamily.com/emergency/BeyondPipes.pdf

Http://www.armystudyguide.com/content/army_board_study_topics/field_sanitation/field-facilities-for-huma.shtml

Both links are on Tip#10
[Last edited Mar 16, 2017 11:51:37]
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Kent T said Mar 16, 2017 03:02:03
Try this link.

http://briscoefamily.com/emergency/BeyondPipes.pdf

The other link is not working either.
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